This post provides full Guide of installation and configuration Windows Server 2012 R2 Active Directory Role.

Some preparation:

  • Create strong password for Administrator account (it will be Domain Admin in future);
  • Install all updates;
  • Rename your server by Corporate naming policy. (When you install Windows Server, a random name generated.);
  • Assign a static IP to your server.

Installation:

1. After Server Manager starts – click Add roles and features link;

2. Click Next button on the wizard screen. Also, you may set check mark Skip this page by default and you don’t see this step at future;

3. For installation type, select Role-based or feature-based installation and click Next button;

4. Choose option Select a server from the server pool (by default) and click Next button;

5. Click box for Active Directory Domain Services;

6. In the new pop-up window click Add Features;

7. Click Next button;

8. For Features, don’t select anything, click Next button;

9. For Active Directory Domain Services click Next button;

10. At confirmation screen, you may decide whether to restart the destination server automatically or not. Click Install button;

11. The installation begins;

12. Once completed, click the Close button.




Configuration:

1. From the Server Manager dashboard, click the flag with the exclamation mark symbol. Click Promote the server to a domain controller;

2. On the next screen, select the deployment operation that is needed. In this example, the Add a new forest is selected and the name enterinit.com is entered to create a new root domain. Click Next button;

3. Since this will be the only domain controller in this lab example, both the forest and domain functional levels will remain at Windows Server 2012 R2.  Leave check box on Domain Name System (DNS) Server to make this system a DNS server. The option for GC is checked without the ability to modify since the first domain controller must be a Global Catalog server. The third option is unchecked and unmodifiable because the first domain controller cannot be a Read-Only Domain Controller;

4. Enter a DSRM password and click Next;

5. For DNS options, there is no existing DNS infrastructure since this is our first domain controller. So, the warning can be ignored. Click Next button;

6. Enter BIOS domain name and click Next button;

7. If you need you may change folders locations (NOT RECOMENDED), click Next button;

8. Review options. Please note that a PowerShell shell script is provided if you need to automate this on future installs. Click View Script. If needed, copy this script for future use. Close Notepad window and click Next button;

9. System check prerequisites;

10. If the prerequisites check passes, then click Install button;

11. The installation will begin;

12. Once complete – system will be rebooted;

13. After reboot you may sign to PC as Domain Admin;

14. This is result of our Windows Server 2012 R2 Active Directory installation;

CONGRATULATIONS!